Crnogorski (MNE)English (UK)
Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

Nakon uspostavljanja sistema vizne liberalizacije, pitanje velikog broja neutemeljenih zahtjeva za azil iz zemalja zapadnog Balkana (Srbija, Bosna i Hercegovina, Makedonija, Albanija, Kosovo i Crna...

Održana međunarodna konferencija  «Uloga i značaj medija u procesu EU integracija - naučene lekcije i iskustva iz regiona »

Održana međunarodna konferencija «Uloga i značaj medija u procesu EU integracija - naučene lekcije i iskustva iz regiona »

Centar za građansko obrazovanje (CGO), u saradnji sa Daily Press Vijesti, u okviru realizacije projekta „EU vijesti-informiši se!“, podržanog iz komunikacionog budžeta Delegacije Evropske unije u...

Promovisan projekat

Promovisan projekat "Rastimo zajedno 3 – Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale"

Delegacija Evropske unije u Crnoj Gori danas je u prostorijama EU  Info Centra promovisala projekat "Rastimo zajedno 3 – Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale". Projekat ima za cilj...

Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

Centar za građansko obrazovanje (CGO) je danas, u saradnji sa fondacijom Friedrich Ebert (FES), nastavio sa realizacijom projekta «Evropski kafe» u okviru kojeg je organizovan sastanak...

Najava: Prezentacija projekta: Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale

Najava: Prezentacija projekta: Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale

Delegacija Evropske unije u Crnoj Gori organizuje prezentaciju projekta "Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale", 20. aprila sa početkom u 11h00, u prostorijama EU...

  • Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

    Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

  • Održana međunarodna konferencija  «Uloga i značaj medija u procesu EU integracija - naučene lekcije i iskustva iz regiona »

    Održana međunarodna konferencija «Uloga i značaj medija u procesu EU integracija - naučene...

  • Promovisan projekat

    Promovisan projekat "Rastimo zajedno 3 – Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale"

  • Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

    Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

  • Najava: Prezentacija projekta: Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale

    Najava: Prezentacija projekta: Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale

EU vijesti – Informiši se!

 

Obuka za urednike/ce i novinare/ke portala Vijesti, u oblasti razvoja tehnika i mehanizama za izvještavanja o EU i procesu pregovaranja Crne Gore sa EU, mart 2015, Podgorica

cgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-24.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-26.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-18.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-1.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-14.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-41.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-38.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-20.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-40.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-21.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-7.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-23.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-29.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-35.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-32.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-11.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-22.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-4.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-36.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-16.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-39.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-8.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-33.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-5.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-12.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-2.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-27.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-30.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-31.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-9.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-17.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-28.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-6.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-15.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-19.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-25.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-42.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-34.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-10.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-3.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-37.jpgcgo-cce-obuka-urednika-vijesti-mart-2015-13.jpg

Evropski kafe

 

Uloga i značaj civilnog društva u procesu pregovora sa EU, 19.januar 2015, Podgorica, gost: Aleksandar Andrija Pejović, državni sekretar za evropske integracije i glavni pregovarač, Ministarstvo vanjskih poslova i evropskih integracija Vlade Crne Gore

cgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-24.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-2.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-22.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-13.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-15.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-29.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-8.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-25.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-18.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-9.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-7.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-16.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-1.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-32.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-20.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-11.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-26.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-30.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-21.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-4.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-23.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-19.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-6.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-35.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-34.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-3.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-27.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-10.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-12.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-14.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-5.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-33.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-17.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-28.jpgcgo-cce-uloga-civilnog-drustva-eu-2015-31.jpg

History of the EU

 

istorijat1

The European Union was established with the aim of putting an end to the heavy and frequent wars between neighbours, which culminated in World War II. The European leaders were convinced that the economic and political unification was the only way to ensure long lasting peace in Europe.

The History of the European Union started in 1952 after the proposal of at-the-time French foreign minister Robert Schumann to create the first great European supranational economic integration - the European Coal and Steel Community which would bring together the French and German Coal and Steel industry (ECSC).  The proposal of Schumann came on May, 9th 1950 and since that year this date is celebrated as the Day of Europe. The Treaty on the establishment of European Coal and Steel Community was signed in Paris on April, 18th 1951 and entered into force on July, 23rd 1952. The founders of the ECSC were: Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, Luxembourg, France, Italy and the Netherlands. All major decisions concerning industry and producing of coal and steel in these countries were in the hands of an independent, supranational body called "high power", whose first president was Jean Monnet.

Thanks to the successful functioning of the European Coal and Steel Community, the six founding countries decided to proceed with the integration also in other sectors and areas of economics. On March, 25th 1957 they signed the Treaty of Rome which established the the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and the European Economic Community (EEC). The agreements came into force on January, 1st 1958 and the Commission chaired by Walter Holstein was established, while on March, 19th of the same year, Robert Schuman chaired the first session of the Parliament.

As a forerunner of the Treaty of Rome, negotiations were held in Messina since 1955 on a conference attended by ministers of foreign affairs of ECSC. On the occasion, discussion was focused on the creation of the EEC, which could be achieved by creating a single market and introducing the four freedoms (free movement of people, work, capital and goods).

The three European communities were united in 1967 and the institutions began common to the three communities - Commission, Council of Ministers and European Parliament. The goal of this unification was to boost development of the economy and to create a single market, in order to achieve sustained economic growth and increase in standard of living for residents of member states.

The first enlargement of the European Community occurred in January 1973 with the accession of Great Britain, Denmark and Ireland. Then, in January 1981 Greece joined the European Union, while on February, 23rd of the following year Greenland withdrew from the community to which it was bound due to Denmark.

In June 1985, the President of the European Commission, Jacques Delores, presented the document “Single European Act”, which envisaged the establishment of a European monetary and political union, major institutional reforms and strengthening of the common market within the European Communities. Shortly afterwards, in January 1986, the third enlargement occurred: Spain and Portugal joined the European Union, followed by the signing of the Single European act.

Belgium, West Germany, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and United Kingdom signed the Single Act on February, 17th 1986, while Italy, Greece and Denmark signed it on February,27th of the same year. It then came into force on 1 July 1987.

The Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Finance of the ,,European twelve’’ signed on February, 7th 1992 in Maastricht the European Union Treaty, commonly known as Maastricht Treaty. The Treaty of Maastricht came into force on November, 1st 1993. The Treaty envisaged the creation of the Economic and Monetary Union, which would enable the introduction of the common currency: in January 1994, the European Monetary Institute (EMI), as a precursor of the European Central Bank, was established. The European Union Structural Funds increased significantly and a new Cohesion Fund and European Investment Fund were established to function as a branch of European Investment Bank.

The fourth enlargement took place on March, 25th 1995, when Austria, Sweden and Finland joined the European Union.

At the European Council summit in Madrid held in mid-December 1995, countries agreed to establish a common currency, i.e. euro, and they determined modalities for the circulation of euro as well as criteria to be met by countries to be able to introduce the new currency were defined.  

The Schengen Agreement came into force on March, 25th 1995 and it enabled free movement of people and the abolition of border crossings within the signatory countries: this became integral part of the EU legislation, which has therefore been authorized to deal with immigration matters, control of external borders within the Schengen zone, issuing visas and approving asylum to citizens of other countries.

An agreement on the text of a new treaty was reached at the European Council summit in Amsterdam on June, 16th -17th 1997. After going through some changes, it was then signed on October, 2nd of the same year. Upon completion of the ratification process by all member states, the Treaty of Amsterdam entered into force on May, 1st 1999.

The Treaty of Amsterdam required member states to work on increasing employment rates and to cooperate together for the protection of fundamental human rights and every other kind of freedom and security for European citizens. Cooperation in judicial and criminal matters is also regulated by the treaty.

The European Central Bank (ECB) was established on June, 30th 1998 and it is located in Frankfurt. The ECB is the institution responsible for all activities related to the Euro and concerning the monetary policy of the European Union as a whole.

In order to make the institutions of the EU more efficient, a new treaty was drafted and then signed on February, 26th 2001 in Nice. It entered into force on February, 1st 2003. The aim of the new treaty was to prepare EU institutions to go through the changes that would occur with the enlargement to ten new member states.  

Upon entry into force of the Nice Treaty, the number of areas subject to qualified majority in voting at the Council of the European Union increased, while the right of member states to veto the decisions of the Council of the European Union was abolished in 39 areas. Voting procedures of the Member States in the Council of the European Union were changed due to EU membership of new countries.

After the entry into force of the Treaty of Nice, it appeared necessary to unify all legal documents (8 treaties and more than 50 protocols and annexes) in order to enable a clearer view of EU institutions also for the citizens. For this reason, in 2003, the EU Constitution was drafted.

The fifth round of EU enlargement started in May 2004 with membership of 10 countries (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Slovak Republic and Slovenia) and it was completed in January 2008 with the entry of Romania and Bulgaria.

The Lisbon Treaty was signed on December, 13th 2007, and entered into force on December, 1st 2009. The treaty included amendments on all the previous foundingistorijat2 treaties. The most significant changes brought two new features within the institutional system of the European Union, i.e. the President of the European Council and the High Representative of the European Union in the field of foreign and security policy, in such a way to strengthen the position of the European Union on the international scene. The European Central Bank became one of the fundamental institutions of the European Union and the European Parliament was given a stronger role in the decision-making process thanks to the procedure for co-decision which remains the basic legislative procedure. The Charter of Fundamental Rights became an integral part of the Treaty.

Today the Union counts 500 million citizens and 27 member states.

Publikacije

 

 

                     fondovi-evropske-unije          obrazovanje          zaposljavanje

 

                     pravosudje          zastita potrosaca1          zivotna sredina1

 

                     pregovori          CGiEUmediji         cgo-cce-evropa-u-mom-gradu-01

 

                    cgo-cce-kako-evropski-parlament-vidi-crnu-goru-u-procesu-pridruzivanja-EU          cgo-cce-presude-evropskog-suda-za-ljudska-prava-koja-se-odnose-na-crnu-goru-01         cgo-cce-ubrzajmo-ljudska-prava-01          

 

                     

____No 114____

       cgo-cce-Evropski-puls-114-01

Previous Issues