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  • Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

    Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

  • Održana međunarodna konferencija  «Uloga i značaj medija u procesu EU integracija - naučene lekcije i iskustva iz regiona »

    Održana međunarodna konferencija «Uloga i značaj medija u procesu EU integracija - naučene...

  • Promovisan projekat

    Promovisan projekat "Rastimo zajedno 3 – Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale"

  • Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

    Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

  • Najava: Prezentacija projekta: Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale

    Najava: Prezentacija projekta: Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale

Interesting facts about EU

European symbols

evropskisimboli1The European flag is the symbol not only of the EU, but of the European unity and identity in a broader sense. aAlthough, throughout its history, the EU had 12 member states as the number of stars in the flag (from 1986 to 1995), there is however no direct connection between the number of stars and the number of countries: it is only commonly thought that the number 12 symbolizes perfection and unity. Therefore, the flag will remain unchanged despite future EU enlargement.

The European anthem is "Ode to Joy" taken from the Ninth Symphony of the famous German composer and pianist Ludwig van Beethoven who composed it in 1823, four years before his death, adding the lyrics of Friedrich Schiller of 1785. This musical poem expresses Schiller's idealistic vision of humankind where all men are brothers - a vision that was shared by Beethoven himself.

The Europe Day is celebrated on 9 May. On this day, in 1950, the foundations of a unified community of nations and peoples, which we know today as the European Union, were set: the French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman gave a public speech to Europe and to all countries and he pushed France, Germany and other EU countries to put together their coal and steel industries in the "first concrete example of a creation of the European federation". He also proposed to create a supranational European institution (later called European Commission) that would manage the coal and steel industries - industries during the two world wars had been the core of the German defense industry.
The European motto is "United in diversity".

Did you know that:

• the budget of the EU Parliament for 2012 is 1.7 billion euros, 24% of this amount is spent for basic expenditures of MPs, such as travel, accommodation, food etc..;
• the number of employees in the Parliament is 6166; 3279 of them are located in Brussels, 80 in Strasbourg, while others are in Luxembourg;
• in 2012 MPs received a monthly salary of € 7.957;
• 1.07 million EU citizens signed an online petition to the EP requesting the European parliament to be permanently located;
• approximately one third of MPs are women;
• the turnout in general elections in 2009 was 43.4% , while in 2004 it was 45.6%;
• the next EP elections are scheduled in June 2014;
• In January 1999 the European Parliament voted to overturn the whole Commission on charges of corruption and mismanagement. The vote of no-confidence failed, but the Commission then submitted its resignation in March of that year led by Jacques Santer. He had been Luxembourg's prime minister since 1984 to 1995 and had become President of the European Commission in 1995;
• the meetings of the European Commission are held every week, on Wednesdays, in Brussels. During the plenary session of the European Parliament, their meetings are normally held in Strasbourg;
• approximately a personnel of 25,000 persons is full-time employed by the Commission;
• the first president of the High Commission of the European Coal and Steel Community was Jean Monet, a French politician, one of the so-called "founder-fathers of Europe", the creator of the European Coal and Steel Community;
• the first direct elections to the European Parliament were held in June 1979. Thus, the first EP was established and it is now the only Thus was formed the first EP, so far, the only Community institution elected democratic elections;
• the first country to become an associate member of the European Union is Greece;
• the first wave of enlargement of the European Union took place in 1973. Three countries joined in 197: the United Kingdom, Denmark and Ireland;
• Greenland, which is an integral part of Denmark, decided on a referendum (1979) to leave all the European institutions in 1985;
• In 1990 the population and territory of the European Union were enlarged when East Germany reunited with West Germany;
• Norway had twice held a referendum to join the European Union. The first time was in 1972 and the second time in 1994: however, on both occasion, citizens of Norway decided they do not want their country to join the EU;
• Denmark initially rejected the Maastricht Treaty in June 1992, but it was then accepted and it came into force in November 1993;
• the man who presided longest over the European Commission was Jacques Delors. He was president of the European Commission since 1985 to 1994;
• the First President of the European Parliament was Robert Schuman, a French politician and author of the famous Schuman Declaration. He was the president of the European Parliament since 1958 to 1960;
• the Germany is the country with the highest number of seats in the European Parliament. Being the most populous country in the European Union, it has 99 MPs.
• The Great Britain refused twice access to the European Economic Community since it was established in 1957. The French president Charles de Gaulle twice vetoed the British application for membership - in 1963 and 1967. After his death, Britain joined the Community in 1973, along with Ireland and Denmark;
• Voting in elections for the European Parliament (as well as in national parliamentary elections) is mandatory in Belgium, Greece and Luxembourg;
• the maximum number of members of the European Parliament, as set by the Treaty of Nice, is 732. After the election in June 2004 the number of MPs increased to 754, while before it was 626.

Montenegro and EU

 

images-11

Relations between Montenegro and the EU were established with the Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) in July 2001. At the Thessaloniki Summit of 2003 the European perspective of the Western Balkans was confirmed and in July of the same year the Enhanced Permanent Dialogue was established as a form of regular consultations between the EU and Montenegro. The referendum on independence and declaration of independence by the Montenegrin Parliament in 2006 were followed by bilateral recognitions of the independent Montenegro by the EU member states. The diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the European Community are carried out by the Montenegrin Mission to the EU, and to Brussels, which started operating  since 2006, and by the EU Delegation to Montenegro, in Podgorica, which opened its doors in November 2007.  On January,1st 2008  the Interim Agreement, the Agreement on visa facilitation and the Agreement on readmission entered into force. On November, 30st 2009 the Council of Ministers of the European Union decided to abolish visas for Montenegro, Macedonia and Serbia. The decision came into force on December,19th of the same year and it allowed citizens of Montenegro to travel  without visas to all 25 states belonging to the Schengen zone and to additional three countries that are not part of the EU (Iceland, Norway and Switzerland).

The Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between the EU and Montenegro was signed on October, 15th 2007 and entered into force on May,1st 2010 after having been ratified by all EU member states. The Stabilisaton and Association Council is in charge of overseeing the implementation and enforcement of the SAA. Upon entry into force of the SAA, the Interim Agreement is still into force  and envisages the establishment of a new institutional framework for cooperation between the EU and Montenegro.

 On December, 15th Montenegro applied for EU membership. In accordance with Article 49 of the Agreement between the EU Member States, on April, 23rd  2009 the European Commission asked to prepare an opinion on the application which would mean that Montenegro would soon receive a questionnaire from the European Commission over 4,000 questions in all areas of EU legislation. According to this, the European Commission would prepare an opinion and make recommendations to the Council of the EU to grant the status of Montenegro as candidate country. That same year, in Brussels, on December,9th 2009 the Prime Minister of Montenegro Milo Đukanović provided full answers to the questionnaire to the European Commissioner for Enlargement Olli Rehn,. One year later, on March, 1st 2010,  DG Enlargement of the European Union submitted to the Ministry of European Integration a new set of 673 additional questions from the EC. The questionnaire was related to additional information and clarifications on the answers of all chapters, excluding chapter 12 ( food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy).  The fact that the Montenegrin administration provided all answers within the deadline of 12th april 2012 is  a significant indicator of the effectiveness of the Montenegrin administration.

The European Commission published its Opinion on November,9th 2010 where it is stated that  the Commission considers negotiations for accession should be opened with Montenegro as soon  the required degree of compliance with the criteria for membership is achieved, especially with regard to the Copenhagen political criteria that require stability of institutions guaranteeing the rule of law. In October 2010 the President of the European Council Herman van Rompuy had visited Montenegro and on November, 9th the European Commission issued a positive opinion on Montenegro’s readiness for membership and recommends  the Council should grant Montenegro with the candidate status. On the basis of this positive Opinion, on December, 17th  2010 the European Council grants Montenegro with the  candidate status for EU membership, which represents a major step in the integration process, as well as evidence of consistency and efficiency of the Montenegrin administration. Afterwards, on February, 17th 2011 the Government approved an action plan for monitoring the implementation of recommendations from the Opinion of the European Commission and on February, 22nd it signed the Agreement between Montenegro and the European Union establishing a framework for the participation of Montenegro in EU operations for crisis management. In April 2011 the President of the European Commission, Mr. Jose Manuel Barroso, paid an official visit to Montenegro.

On October, 12th 2011 the European Commission published the report on the progress made by Montenegro so far and recommended opening accession negotiations with EU. The Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood, Mr. Stefan Fule,  paid an official visit to Montenegro and on this occasion he presented to the Prime Minister Igor Lukšić the European Commission’s positive opinion on Montenegro’s readiness for EU membership and recommendations to start accession negotiations on  October, 13th 2011.

It is now in progress the drafting  of the National Programme for Integration of Montenegro into the European Union for the period 2012-2015, which defines the European agenda of Montenegro for the period until 2015 and assesses its readiness for EU membership. The first NPI had entered into force on June, 5th  2008 for the period up to end of 2012. In order to open negotiations with Montenegro in June 2012, the European Council instructed the Council to discuss Montenegro’s progress in implementing reforms with special focus on the rule of law and fundamental rights, particularly in the fight against corruption and organized crime, on the basis of the reports of the Commission that will be presented in the first quarter of 2012.

Funds of the European Union

Through the policy of solidarity, every year the European Union allocates significant funds from the communitarian budget to the less developed regions and member countries of the EU. Furthermore, the EU development funds are intended also for those countries that are not yet EU members, i.e. candidate and potential candidate countries.
In September 2004, the European Commission proposed the establishment of a new Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA 2007-2013), which is designed to support the candidate countries for EU membership, as well as potential candidates.
IPA is a unique instrument for assistance designed for the period 2007-2013 that combines the pre-accession instruments: PHARE, SAPARD, ISPA, CARDS.
Montenegro has been receiving financial assistance from the EU since 1998. Overall, between 1998 and 2010 the EU committed over €408.5 million to Montenegro. From 1998 to 2006, this included EU CARDS assistance worth €277.2 million.
In 2007, CARDS assistance was replaced by the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) which extends to 2013.

The IPA consists of the following five components:
• Component I (Transition Assistance and Institution Building – also known as National Programme) which is available for candidate and potential candidate countries;
• Component II (Cross-Border Cooperation) which is available for candidate and potential candidate countries;
• Component III (Regional Development) which is available only for candidate countries;
• Component IV (Human Resources Development) which is available only for candidate countries;
• Component V (Rural Development) which is available only for candidate countries.
Montenegro currently has access to IPA Component I and IPA Component II. As a candidate country, components III to V are available for Montenegro but they can only be operational when the country receives accreditation for the Decentralized Implementation System (DIS).

Component I


The IPA National Programme for Montenegro (Transition Assistance and Institution Building) focuses on key political criteria such as judicial reform, public administration reform and institutional building, fight against corruption and organised crime. Financial support is also being provided to civil society. As regards economic and other membership criteria the IPA programme concentrates on supporting reforms and strengthening the administrative capacity in areas such as the internal market, environment, transport, statistics, education, employment and social inclusion.
Montenegro has received €131.3 million of IPA assistance from 2007 to 2010.(please see table bellow).

Component II


Montenegro participates in four IPA Cross-Border Cooperation Programmes(Component II) with neighbouring Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia andHerzegovina, Croatia and Republic of Serbia).
Montenegro also participates in the IPA Adriatic cross–border programme with Member States and the trans-national cooperation programmes: South-East Europe and Mediterranean under the European Regional Development Fund.
Assistance is also provided to Montenegro through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (2008: 0,3 M€; 2009: 0,51 M€; 2010: 0,4 M €).

Decentralized Implementation System (DIS).


All countries that aim to become a member state of the European Union should, at a certain point, prepare its administration for the management of the pre-accession funds in a decentralized manner. Therefore, it is of crucial importance to get prepared for taking ownership and responsibility of the management of the projects financed by the European Union.
The Decentralized Implementation System (DIS) means that the responsibility for the implementation of the IPA programme is transferred from the European Commission to the Government of Montenegro. The process itself contributes to institutional strengthening of the state and obtaining accreditation by the European Commission is a clear signal of the trust from the EU into the system. When Montenegro becomes a EU member state, this will allow a successful use of the Structural and Cohesion Fund. The precondition for the transition to the so-called Decentralized Implementation System is the building of capacities and establishment of structures as defined in the provisions regulating IPA as well as in the Framework Agreement. With the establishment of DIS, the beneficiary countries of the IPA funds become owners of the entire process of the managing aid.
The projects under the IPA Components III, IV and V, which correspond to the future structural funds in the area of employment, social and regional policies and rural development, will be piloted by Montenegro.

So far, within the IPA Programme, the following funds were allocated:

YEAR

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

TOTAL

Transition Assistance and Institution Building

27,490, 504

28,112,552

28,632,179

29,238,823

29,843,599

16,346,471

5,296,035

164,960,163

Cross-border Co-operation

3,909,496

4,487,448

4,667,821

4,282,690

4,310,344

4,338,551

4,418,687

30,415,037

Regional Development

0

0

0

0

0

8,000,000

15,200,000

23,200,000

Human Resources Development

0

0

0

0

0

2,800,000

2,900,000

5,700,000

Rural Development

0

0

0

0

 

3,300,000

7,600,000

10,900,000

Total

31,400,000

32,600,000

33,300,000

33,521,513

34,153,943

34,785,022

35,414,722

235,175,200

 

Source: website of the EU Delegation to Montenegro,http://www.delmne.ec.europa.eu

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