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  • Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

    Da li bi Crnu Goru trebalo proglasiti bezbjednom zemljom porijekla?

  • Održana međunarodna konferencija  «Uloga i značaj medija u procesu EU integracija - naučene lekcije i iskustva iz regiona »

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  • Promovisan projekat

    Promovisan projekat "Rastimo zajedno 3 – Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale"

  • Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

    Ambasador Drobnič gost drugog Evropskog kafea

  • Najava: Prezentacija projekta: Rastemo zajedno 3 - Informacije o EU kroz popularne internet portale

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Montenegro and EU

 

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Relations between Montenegro and the EU were established with the Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) in July 2001. At the Thessaloniki Summit of 2003 the European perspective of the Western Balkans was confirmed and in July of the same year the Enhanced Permanent Dialogue was established as a form of regular consultations between the EU and Montenegro. The referendum on independence and declaration of independence by the Montenegrin Parliament in 2006 were followed by bilateral recognitions of the independent Montenegro by the EU member states. The diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the European Community are carried out by the Montenegrin Mission to the EU, and to Brussels, which started operating  since 2006, and by the EU Delegation to Montenegro, in Podgorica, which opened its doors in November 2007.  On January,1st 2008  the Interim Agreement, the Agreement on visa facilitation and the Agreement on readmission entered into force. On November, 30st 2009 the Council of Ministers of the European Union decided to abolish visas for Montenegro, Macedonia and Serbia. The decision came into force on December,19th of the same year and it allowed citizens of Montenegro to travel  without visas to all 25 states belonging to the Schengen zone and to additional three countries that are not part of the EU (Iceland, Norway and Switzerland).

The Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between the EU and Montenegro was signed on October, 15th 2007 and entered into force on May,1st 2010 after having been ratified by all EU member states. The Stabilisaton and Association Council is in charge of overseeing the implementation and enforcement of the SAA. Upon entry into force of the SAA, the Interim Agreement is still into force  and envisages the establishment of a new institutional framework for cooperation between the EU and Montenegro.

 On December, 15th Montenegro applied for EU membership. In accordance with Article 49 of the Agreement between the EU Member States, on April, 23rd  2009 the European Commission asked to prepare an opinion on the application which would mean that Montenegro would soon receive a questionnaire from the European Commission over 4,000 questions in all areas of EU legislation. According to this, the European Commission would prepare an opinion and make recommendations to the Council of the EU to grant the status of Montenegro as candidate country. That same year, in Brussels, on December,9th 2009 the Prime Minister of Montenegro Milo Đukanović provided full answers to the questionnaire to the European Commissioner for Enlargement Olli Rehn,. One year later, on March, 1st 2010,  DG Enlargement of the European Union submitted to the Ministry of European Integration a new set of 673 additional questions from the EC. The questionnaire was related to additional information and clarifications on the answers of all chapters, excluding chapter 12 ( food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy).  The fact that the Montenegrin administration provided all answers within the deadline of 12th april 2012 is  a significant indicator of the effectiveness of the Montenegrin administration.

The European Commission published its Opinion on November,9th 2010 where it is stated that  the Commission considers negotiations for accession should be opened with Montenegro as soon  the required degree of compliance with the criteria for membership is achieved, especially with regard to the Copenhagen political criteria that require stability of institutions guaranteeing the rule of law. In October 2010 the President of the European Council Herman van Rompuy had visited Montenegro and on November, 9th the European Commission issued a positive opinion on Montenegro’s readiness for membership and recommends  the Council should grant Montenegro with the candidate status. On the basis of this positive Opinion, on December, 17th  2010 the European Council grants Montenegro with the  candidate status for EU membership, which represents a major step in the integration process, as well as evidence of consistency and efficiency of the Montenegrin administration. Afterwards, on February, 17th 2011 the Government approved an action plan for monitoring the implementation of recommendations from the Opinion of the European Commission and on February, 22nd it signed the Agreement between Montenegro and the European Union establishing a framework for the participation of Montenegro in EU operations for crisis management. In April 2011 the President of the European Commission, Mr. Jose Manuel Barroso, paid an official visit to Montenegro.

On October, 12th 2011 the European Commission published the report on the progress made by Montenegro so far and recommended opening accession negotiations with EU. The Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood, Mr. Stefan Fule,  paid an official visit to Montenegro and on this occasion he presented to the Prime Minister Igor Lukšić the European Commission’s positive opinion on Montenegro’s readiness for EU membership and recommendations to start accession negotiations on  October, 13th 2011.

It is now in progress the drafting  of the National Programme for Integration of Montenegro into the European Union for the period 2012-2015, which defines the European agenda of Montenegro for the period until 2015 and assesses its readiness for EU membership. The first NPI had entered into force on June, 5th  2008 for the period up to end of 2012. In order to open negotiations with Montenegro in June 2012, the European Council instructed the Council to discuss Montenegro’s progress in implementing reforms with special focus on the rule of law and fundamental rights, particularly in the fight against corruption and organized crime, on the basis of the reports of the Commission that will be presented in the first quarter of 2012.

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